The next reference to the painting occurs in the Xuanhe Painting Manual, which is a catalogue of paintings in the collection of Emperor Huizong of Song (r. 1100–1126) that was compiled in 1120. To take place on 18-20 June 2001, event is a joint [11], An advocate of a pre-Tang date for the painting is Wen C. Fong, emeritus professor of Chinese art history at Princeton University, who has argued that the scroll was made by an anonymous painter at the Nanjing court of one of the Southern dynasties (420–589) during the 6th century, and that although the painting was a copy of a Gu Kaizhi painting, it was heavily influenced by the painting techniques of Zhang Sengyou (active c. 490–540) and Lu Tanwei.

The earliest mention of the painting is by the Song Dynasty painter and poet, Mi Fu (1051–1107), who records in his History of Painting (compiled 1103) that the Admonitions Scroll was in the collection of a palace eunuch by the name of Liu Youfang. After the political downfall of Yan Song in 1562, his collection was confiscated, and the Admonitions Scroll came into the possession of the Ming court. [45], The final scene shows the Court Instructress writing her admonitions on a scroll, her head bowed in concentration, whilst two court ladies walk towards her. [17] Other experts have dated the calligraphy even earlier, to the 5th or early 6th century. Scene 5: Lady Ban refuses to ride in the imperial litter, Scene 11: A lady reflects upon her conduct, Barnhart, Richard M. (2003), "Concerning the Date and Authorship of the, Cura, Nixi (2003), "A 'Cultural Biography' of the, Mason, Charles (June 2001), "The British Museum. What happened to the Admonitions Scroll next is a matter of conjecture. [21] Unlike the British Museum copy, which is missing the first three scenes, the Palace Museum copy is complete in twelve scenes. "The Admonitions Scroll" EDITOR-TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE Preparations are currently underway at the Percival David Foundation for an international conference about the Admonitions of the Instructress to the Court Ladies (Nushi zhen) scroll attributed to Gu Kaizhi (about 345-406) in the British Museum. Display card for the Admonitions Scroll by the digital reproduction on the North Stairs of the British Museum. After the suppression of the Boxers, there was a considerable amount of looting throughout the capital, and during this time of chaos Captain Clarence A. K. Johnson (1870–1937) of the 1st Bengal Lancers, who was stationed at the Summer Palace, somehow managed to acquire the Admonitions Scroll.

The protagonist (hero) is the court instructress who guides the ladies of the imperial family on correct behaviour.The handscroll has a complex, horizontal arrangement. Nine scenes illustrate the text, beginning from the right. There is no hard evidence as to whether the scroll ended up in the Jurchen north or was taken to safety to the south of China, which remained under the control of the Chinese as the Southern Song (1127–1279). [7] However, it was not until the 20th century that art historians determined on stylistic grounds that the painting cannot have been produced during the Jin Dynasty, and therefore cannot be an original work by Gu Kaizhi. A treasure of divine quality belonging to the Inner Palace. Handscroll painting in nine scenes (originally twelve) illustrating the 'Nüshi zhen' (Admonitions of the Instructress to the Court Ladies), a text composed by Zhang Hua (c. AD 232-300). One indirect indication that the scroll did not fall into Jurchen hands is that the Beijing copy of the scroll is believed to be an immediate copy of the scroll now in the British Museum, and it is believed to have been made during the reign of Emperor Xiaozong of Song (r. 39 Admonitions Scroll, Transcript of "A history of the World in 100 Objects" Episode 39.